Great Quotes
I have always had more dread of a pen, a bottle of ink, and a sheet of paper than of a sword or pistol. - Alexandre Dumas

March 2021

This issue, March 2021, focuses on BCW (Biological and Chemical Warfare) in the past. March 2021 saw many allegations that China might have started the Covid pandemic as part of an attack on America. It later became public that which had been known for many years: that the US had been engaging in a massive build-up of biowarfare for many years (see Francis Boyle  ‘Biowarfare and Terrorism’ Clarity Press) and had subcontracted work to Wuhan Laboratory that may have been illegal if performed in US.

This issue addresses another issue: the story of the Siege of Caffa has been widely used in Western military circles to justify the adoption of biological warfare. It had been alleged that the Mongols catapulted infected dead bodies into the besieged city.  We now know that that a) it was probably impossible to do it, b) even if done it would not have initiated an epidemic. De Mussis story was used to justify outrageous behaviour by Western  armies. Our article asks if that was in fact the intention and motivation of De Mussis in the first place.

Siege of Kaffa: Part 1:an earlier Asian pandemic source?